A crucial piece of equipment used in the preparation and packaging of food in the food industry is an automatic food filling machine or dosing machine. It uses a variety of methods to quantify a dosage of processed food products before feeding them into containers such as bags, pouches, cartons, cans, jars, and bottles.
What are food filling machine types?
An automatic food filling machine may be either a portable tabletop model or a freestanding unit, and either kind can be incorporated into existing form, fill, and seal lines.
Small, low-priced food processing lines often use compact, single-nozzle machines. Soups, sauces, salad dressings, ready-to-eat meals, coleslaw, yogurt, hummus, peanut butter, and jam are just some of the things that work well in them.
By filling numerous containers at once with a greater number of filling heads, multi-nozzle machines significantly boost output. There are two standard configurations for filling machines: a rotor (rotary filling) or a line of filling heads (linear fill).
How does a food filling machine work?
A food filling machine typically works by receiving foodstuff in a hopper and then pumping the product out using pneumatics, a vacuum, or an auger screw. Various containers and packages receive the product via a nozzle or filler head, with portions determined by volume or weight. For example, the ingredients are sometimes loaded onto another component of the final product to make sandwiches or pie shells.
A hand lever on a manual filling machine frequently serves to force products through the feeding nozzle. Smaller manufacturing facilities, particularly those without access to electricity or compressed air for product pumping, are ideal settings for this sort of equipment. Manual filling machines provide more precision and less waste instead of filling or measuring the product by hand.
Compressed air often powers the pumps in a semi-automatic filling process. Machines can be programmed to fill repeatedly, and they will do it more quickly and accurately than human beings can. Weighing or volumetric controls with precision measurement and dosing equipment allow for filling precise quantities.
The filling process, including material handling, loading, dosing, and packing, is managed by an automatic food filling machine’s controls and inline equipment. Equipment is usually expandable in terms of the number of filling heads it can accommodate. Automatic filling systems provide high throughput and maximum efficiency for large-scale operations.
As with any packaging machine used in the food processing industry, cleanliness and simplicity of disassembly are critical factors in construction.
Applicable Food Products to Food Filling Machines
Filling machines for food are widely accessible, and they can process a wide variety of foods. The machinery is flexible enough to meet the needs of various food filling configurations.
Food filling machines frequently handle the following products:
- Sauces and marinades
- Jams and preserves
- Ready-made meals
- Sauced fish fillets
- Sandwich fillings
- Luncheon meat
- Pizza toppings
- Grated cheese
- Peanut butter
- Meat sauces
- Pasta salads
- Corned beef
- Meat mixes
- Fish paste
- Pie fillings
- Beef jerky
- Raw meat
- Pet food
- Fish roe
- Fish oil
- Oils, etc.