How to Make Salad Dressing

How to Make Salad Dressing? For a tangier taste, try topping your veggie salad with a salad dressing—a liquid combination of ingredients including vinegar, oil, spices, and herbs.

Marinating chicken in a vinaigrette is a good idea, but the name would still be “marinade” regardless of whether the ingredients are identical. Also, a serving of veggies would be lovely sprinkled with a light, citrusy chicken sauce. Nevertheless, depending on its purpose, you may also refer to it as salad dressing.

Why do we need salad dressings?

While eating salad, certain minerals are better absorbed when you add salad dressing. Essential elements, like the plant-based antioxidant lycopene and the vitamin A precursors alpha and beta carotene, might be better absorbed by our body when used as a dressing due to the fat content.

Is salad dressing a mayonnaise?

Looks a lot like mayonnaise, except the foundation is cooked. At least 30% vegetable oil, 4% egg yolk component, lemon juice or vinegar, and seasonings are used in salad dressing. It has a sharper flavor than mayonnaise and often serves as a foundation for various dressings.

Learn how to make mayonnaise homemade and commercially!

How to Make Salad Dressing?

Homemade Salad Dressing

homemade salad dressing

Just three tablespoons of oil, half a teaspoon of mustard, and one tablespoon of vinegar are all you need to whip up a homemade salad dressing. Add salt and pepper to taste, or try seasoning it with garlic, herbs (fresh or even dried), a bit of spice, a drizzle of honey, or any combination of these.

Big, green salads, chop salads, beans, lentils, boiled, steamed, or roasted veggies all benefit from dressing flavor when heated; in fact, they soak it up!


Oil (3 tbsp)

Because olive oil imparts such a strong taste to salad dressings, using high-quality oil is essential. Choose extra-virgin olive oil when you shop. The dressing will taste better with higher-quality oil. Use one of the flavorings, like garlic, if you’re making it using an oil that doesn’t have any flavor, such as peanut, vegetable, or canola.

Lemon Juice or Vinegar (1 tbsp)

Our go-to ingredient in this recipe is freshly squeezed lemon juice since it complements so many different salads. If you’d rather make a vinaigrette out of this, feel free to use whatever kind of vinegar you choose. The most adaptable vinegar would have to be red wine vinegar, but any kind would do—white wine, balsamic, apple cider, sherry, etc.

Lemon juice and apple cider vinegar are the most popular. You get the ideal balance between the sharpness of simple white vinegar and the tanginess of white wine vinegar with these two. The vinegar you use is completely up to you.

Garlic (1 small garlic clove)

For this salad dressing, crush or chop a little clove of fresh garlic. However, half a teaspoon of garlic powder may be enough if time is of the essence!

Dijon Mustard (1/2 tsp)

Toss salad dressings with a spoonful of creamy Dijon mustard. No need to fret if you’re not a fan of mustard; it doesn’t dominate the dish and really complements the other tastes. However, it’s okay to increase the Dijon mustard by half or even three-quarters if you like a dressing with a stronger mustard flavor. Also, whole-grain Dijon is an excellent substitute if you want a grainier mustard.

This is completely optional, although adding a little thickens the dressing and improves its coating on the lettuce.

Black Pepper (1/2 tsp)

You may season it to your liking with cracked black pepper. Since we are big fans of black pepper, you may easily double or even triple the amount called for in the recipe.

Salt (1/2 tsp)

To enhance all of those mouthwatering tastes.


  • With a Bowl/Measuring Cup: Make sure to mix together each of the ingredients.
  • With a Mason Jar: Put the lid on top and give it a good shake to incorporate all the ingredients. To dissolve the mustard, shake vigorously.
  • When Using a Blender: Mix everything together and blend till completely blended. Since there’s no need to crush or cut the garlic cloves, this approach is great for bigger batches.

For 4 people, this yields a large leafy salad. 4 handfuls of lettuce, or garden salad. Use to season fresh salads: dry leaves or steamed, boiled, or roasted veggies (douse when hot to absorb). Pour and mix immediately before serving.

Serve right away or refrigerate for up to seven days. Refrigerated dressing must be mixed or shaken before serving.


  • Vinegar Choices: You can replace lemon juice with any vinegar, such as rice wine, plain white, balsamic, sherry, apple cider, champagne, red, white, or sherry vinegar. This dressing uses a conventional vinegar-to-oil ratio, so you may use any vinegar.
  • Switch Mustards or Add More: Instead of creamy Dijon, try gritty Dijon. Add additional mustard to make this dish more mustardy.
  • Garlic: Crush half a clove and put it in the container. You may also smash it with a knife and let it rest in the dressing for 20 minutes to produce a garlicky smell. This is done to prevent garlic particles in restaurant dressing.
  • Sweetener: Put in some honey and sugar. Dressings may be easily adjusted to taste by adding a teaspoon or two of sugar or honey. Both of these may soften dressings without adding more oil. Only use one; not both!
  • Fresh Herbs: How much you’ll need is really up to you. Sparely sprinkle in herbs with a stronger flavor (rosemary, sage, thyme) and use more delicate ones (dill, chives, parsley).
  • Crush Red Pepper Flakes: For spice, add crushed red pepper flakes to your dressing; excellent with Italian salads.
  • Large Serving: Mix carefully before using while making more and storing in the fridge for weeks. Fresh garlic and herbs diminish shelf life (three days or browning in a few days).
  • Storage: Lemon juice-based dressing loses taste after a day in the fridge. You may use vinegar instead of lemon juice to make a larger batch of dressing that lasts a week.

How is Commercial Salad Dressing Made?

Egg yolks, acidifying chemicals, and edible vegetable oil make up salad dressing, a semisolid food. At least 30% is vegetable oil and 4% is liquid egg yolk. Also present is a paste made of modified food starch, wheat flour, rye flour, tapioca flour, or a mixture. Carrageenan (Irish moss extract), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, gum arabic, guar gum, gum tragacanth, gum karaya, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and any combination of these may be used as emulsifiers.  

No more than 0.75 percent of the total weight of the salad dressing should be emulsifying agent combination.

Commercial Salad Dressing Components

Oil is salad dressing’s main ingredient. Many taste, viscosity, texture, and visual modifications may be added. Food sector emulsifiers include eggs, mayonnaise, corn starch, and lecithin. Because certain vinaigrettes generate partial emulsions, the oil separates after bottling. Shaking the dressing before use is important. In most creamy dressings, additional components are thoroughly emulsified over time.

Dressing Formulation

The two most common salad dressings are vinaigrette and creamy. Oil and vinegar are combined with other ingredients in both, while creamy dressings contain milk or eggs. Ranch dressing made with buttermilk includes mustard and mayonnaise. Italian dressing is essentially a creamy vinaigrette made with bell peppers and lemon juice but with milk added. Because creamy dressings are viscous, semi-hydrated ingredient agglomerates on machine surfaces may be prevented by using high-shear agitators.

Salad Dressing Production Process

Like other emulsions, they are often made by combining oil and water. What follows is an example of a common approach:

Raw Components

Oil, whether it’s olive, soy, or sunflower, is the foundation of salad dressing. Adding thickening agents or stabilizers, such as modified starch, helps get the emulsion to the right viscosity and keeps it from separating. Other components, such as eggs, vinegar, sugar, salt, citric acid, spices, and an emulsifier for a uniform dressing, may be added to salads as well.

For salad dressings that call for veggies and seasonings, blast-frozen is the way to go.

Mixing Process

mixer machine

Before starting the mixer machine, the vessel is filled with water, which is the continuous phase. Season with salt, vinegar, and modified starch; then add to the water. Paste made of starch requires mixing the ingredients and heating them to about 90°C. As soon as it has cooled, you may add the rest of the ingredients, including sugar, eggs, and spices. The water is altered by dispersing powdered substances like thickeners, flavorings, preservatives, and colors. There are cases when they are already combined and stored in a dry state.


emulsifying mixer

Most typically, a continuous mixing mechanism in emulsifying machine is used to achieve the desired emulsion. But a colloid mill works just as well. After that, you may add oil to some of the starch you just made while stirring it gently. Slowly add the remaining starch paste after you’ve added about half of the oil. One way to get a consistent emulsion is to mix all of the ingredients well before passing them through the colloid mill.

We keep mixing until we have a product that is smooth and free of lumps.

Bottle Filling

What is bottle filling and capping machine?

The bottling station receives the pumped-in emulsified salad dressing. This process involves quickly sealing sterile jars or bottles with plastic or metal closures after adding pre-measured volumes of salad dressing.

The next step is to label the containers, package them in boxes, and arrange them in stacks.

Temperature and Food Preservation

Making salad dressing requires considering spoilage proportionally. Vinaigrettes taste bad to germs, thus they preserve food naturally. The milk constituents in creamy sauces make them less acidic, making them susceptible to spoilage. Sodium benzoate and other preservatives keep dressings fresh and prevent bacteria. With natural acidity and preservatives, heat treatment improves protection. This treatment process may employ direct or indirect heating systems to reach 63°C to 85°C.

Salad Dressing Production Food Regulations

Food hygiene and safety are the top priority for salad dressing laws. Check ingredients at arrival and frequently while storing to retain freshness. Regular sampling is necessary for dressing during manufacturing and dispensing into sterile bottles. Testing at every stage of production helps maintain food safety and detect and correct hazards.

Among other ingredient and quantity requirements, U.S. salad dressings must include 30% oil and 4% yolk by weight. A nitrogen or carbon dioxide environment is advised for mixing and packing. The last stage before a batch is safe to eat is metal detection.


In order to make salad dressing, you will need a variety of mixer and pre-mixer machines. Making a paste using water, vinegar, salt, and starch at around 90°C in a pre-emulsifier mixer is the first step in making salad dressing. Once the components have cooled, you may add them by pumping in the mixture. You may get the correct consistency by gradually adding oil to this homogenous preparatory paste and pumping the mixture into a colloid mill or emulsifier. After that, bottling and labeling the dressing follows.


The salad dressing will keep for a long time because of its low pH. But remember to refrigerate the salad dressing after you open it.

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